Flat feet are characterised by the total or partial absence of the curve of the foot arch which, therefore, rests totally on the ground. It often develops due to a genetic disposition, but sometimes it may be caused by functional factors that have led the sole of the foot to collapse, such as obesity, unsuitable footwear or muscular weakness.
The absence of the foot arch causes pain and stress in the ankle joint, as well as incorrect gait in the attempt to compensate for the lack of appropriate support. Flat feet are often asymptomatic, and the condition is noted only when other problems emerge, such as pain in the back and other joints.
A mixture of phototherapy, ultrasound and magnetotherapy complemented by TENS, if desired.
Method of action
Ultrasound treatment increases the ‘stretchiness’ of muscles and tendons that may be tight. This form of therapy helps to build new tissue and ensure the proper alignment of the tissue fibres so that full strength and flexibility can be restored. In the case of a chronic illness, ultrasound can slow the development and help to manage symptoms.
Ultrasound therapy can:
- Provide an analgesic effect.
- Improve blood flow and restore normal cell activity to produce an anti-swelling effect.
Phototherapy — infrared
Since infrared therapy enhances and improves circulation in the skin and other parts of the body, it can bring oxygen and nutrients to injured tissues and promote healing. It helps to ease pain, relieve inflammation and protect against oxidative stress.
Magnetotherapy offers an anti-inflammatory and anti-swelling effect on top of its ability to reduce pain and improve blood circulation.
The electrical impulses reduce the pain signals going to the spinal cord and brain by temporarily ‘switching off’ the nerve endings of the affected area — thus, helping to relieve pain and relax the muscles. These impulses also stimulate the production of endorphins, which are the body’s natural painkillers.